Record keeping of hurricane cyclones started in 1851 and since then, there have been 1,574 systems of tropical storm intensity and 912 hurricanes.


In terms of wind speed, Hurricane Allen (1980) was the strongest Atlantic tropical cyclone on record, with maximum sustained winds of 190 mph. Allen was a powerful Cape Verde hurricane that struck the Caribbean, Mexico and southern Texas in August that year.


For many years, it was thought that Hurricane Camille also attained this intensity, but that was changed in 2014. The original measurements of Camille are suspect because wind speed instrumentation used at the time was likely damaged. Camille ended up with maximum sustained winds of 175 mph.


So where does Hurricane Dorian rank in terms of all-time Atlantic hurricanes by wind speed?


190 mph - Allen (1980): Reached Category 5 status on three separate occasions. Gained steam through tropical waters in the Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico. Battered Haiti, Mexico and southern Texas. Killed 269.


185 - Dorian (2019): Became hurricane Aug. 28, intensified to a Cat 4 storm on Aug. 31 and a Cat 5 on Sept. 1. Made landfall in Elbow City, Bahamas and again in Grand Bahama.


185 - Wilma (2005): Most intense storm recorded in Atlantic basin (882 mbar pressure) and became hurricane Oct. 18. In only 24 hours, it became a Cat 5. Made landfall in Cape Romano, Fla. and raced across the state to Palm Beach County. Killed 62.


185 - Gilbert (1988): Reached Cat 5 status Sept. 13 before slamming the Yucatan Peninsula. As far as size, it was one of the largest, measuring 575 miles in diameter at one point. Killed 318.


185 - Labor Day (1935): Most intense Atlantic hurricane to hit land (892 mbar pressure) was compact and caused catastrophic damage in the upper Florida Keys. First known Cat 5 storm to hit U.S. The storm surge obliterated the town of Islamorada. Killed an estimated 600.


180 - Irma (2017): Developed from a tropical wave near Cape Verde on Aug. 30 and rapidly intensified to a Cat 3 storm the next day. Peaked at 180 mph Sept. 6 before slamming into Cuba. Re-intensified and made landfall again on Cudjoe Key on Sept. 10. Killed 134.


180 - Rita (2005): Most intense hurricane in the Gulf of Mexico hit Cat 5 status Sept. 21. Made landfall in Johnson’s Bayou, Louisiana. Saturated low-lying communities, worsening areas devastated by Katrina a month earlier. Killed 120.


180 - Mitch (1998): Deadliest hurricane in Central American history formed late in the season in the western Caribbean Sea on Oct. 22. Hit Honduras, drifted through Central America, regenerated in the Bay of Campeche and then hit Florida as a tropical storm. Killed 11,374.


175 - Cuba (1932), Janet (1955), Carla (1961), Camille (1969), Anita (1977), David (1979), Andrew (1992), Katrina (2005), Dean (2017), Felix (2017), Maria (2017).


SOURCE: National Hurricane Center